India is a land of mysteries, charms and beauty, where many lifestyles merge into one people. It is a strange mix of languages, customs and beliefs, so multifaceted that it takes a lifetime to learn them. India is the seventh largest country in the world and the second largest in Asia with a length of 3.39 million square meters. km. and a population of more than 900 million people. It is one of the most populous countries in the world. The area, which occupies only 2.42 percent of the globe, is home to 15 percent of the world’s population.
India, composed of individual states, is a sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic with a parliamentary form of government. India is a federal state, its government and the government of twenty-five states are in the capital city of New Delhi. The end point of the Indian Peninsula is in southern India, which stretches from the Deccan in the north to Cap Camorin. The main language of trade relations and politics is English, with fourteen official languages in all.
More than a million people speak twenty-four languages and countless dialects. There are seven major religions in India, as well as many religious minorities, with six major ethnic groups. Central to Indian culture is religion and is reflected in virtually every aspect of the country. The dominant religion among the population is Hinduism, numbering about eighty percent of the followers. The geography of India is very diverse. Much of the north of the country is delineated by the Himalayan chain.
Mixed cultures are represented in India. The country has an incredible array of languages, religions and ethnic groups. It is possible to distinguish such ethnic groups as Hindi in the northern part of the country, Tamils in the south, Bengali in the east and Naga in the northeast, who speak different languages. India is a prime example of what the synthesis of Western materialism and the Eastern spiritual beginning can achieve. It may be the only region on earth where you can see a paradoxical scene when a physicist after a morning immersion in a holy spring is in a state of meditation in front of a nearby temple. This situation can be confusing, although we understand that this physicist knows the truth, as does his own world from the standpoint of his profession. Even if you move in other directions, you will equally come to the realization that absolute truth is like the end of the journey. And reasonably enough, the world is beginning to seek to know this mystery.
Indian states have a relatively rich culture and even today they continue to develop. Even deeply imbued with their own culture, the people of India have absorbed the positive influences of the West, especially the highly advanced information technology. The climate is mostly tropical, in the north – tropical, monsoon. The average winter temperature in the north + 15C, in the south + 27C, in the summer +28 – + 35C.
Traditions and customs in India are very different from European norms of behavior. There are also several different religious denominations in India – Hindus, Christians, Buddhists, Muslims, each with their own lifestyles.
India is a prime example of what the synthesis of Western materialism and the Eastern spiritual beginning can achieve. Even deeply imbued with their own culture, the people of India have absorbed the positive influences of the West, especially the highly advanced information technology.